Strayhorn the Songwriter
(Featuring Frank Griffith, China Moses & Alexander Stewart)
@ the Queen Elizabeth Hall
20 November 2010
(Sound-check and live performance photography)
Click an image to enlarge.
Billy Strayhorn biography
If you are familiar with the jazz composition, “Take the
A Train,” then you know something about not only Duke Ellington,
but also Billy “Sweet Pea” Strayhorn, its composer.
Strayhorn joined Ellington’s band in 1939, at the age of twenty-two.
Ellington liked what he saw in Billy and took this shy, talented
pianist under his wings. Neither one was sure what Strayhorn’s
function in the band would be, but their musical talents had attracted
each other. By the end of the year Strayhorn had become essential
to the Duke Ellington Band; arranging, composing, sitting-in at
the piano. Billy made a rapid and almost complete assimilation of
Ellington’s style and technique. It was difficult to discern
where one’s style ended and the other’s began. The results
of the Ellington-Strayhorn collaboration brought much joy to the
The history, of the family of William Thomas Strayhorn (his mother
called him “Bill”) goes back over a hundred years in
Hillsborough. One set of great grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. George
Craig, lived behind the present Farmer’s Exchange. A great
grandmother was the cook for Robert E. Lee. Billy, however, was
born in Dayton, Ohio in 1915. His mother, Lillian Young Strayhorn,
brought her children to Hillsborough often. Billy was attracted
to the piano that his grandmother, Elizabeth Craig Strayhorn owned.
He played it from the moment he was tall enough to reach the keys.
Even in those early years, when he played, his family would gather
to listen and sing.
In 1923 Billy entered the first grade in a little wooden schoolhouse,
since destroyed. Soon after that, however, his mother moved her
family to Pittsburgh to join Billy father, James Nathaniel Strayhorn.
Mr. Strayhorn had gotten a job there as a gas-maker and wire-puller.
Charlotte Catlin began to give Billy private piano lessons. He played
the piano everyday, sometimes becoming so engrossed that he would
be late for his job. He also played in the high school band.
His father enrolled him in the Pittsburgh Musical institution
where he studied classical music. He had more classical training
than most jazz musicians of his time. Strayhorn lived a tremendously
productive life. He influenced many people that he met, and yet
remained very modest and unassuming all the while. For a time he
coached Lena Horne in classical music to broaden her knowledge and
improve her style of singing. He toured the world with Ellington's
band and for a brief time lived in Paris. Strayhorn’s own
music is internationally known and honoured. It has been translated
in French and Swedish.
Some of Strayhorn’s compositions are: “Chelsea Bridge,”
“Day Dream,” “Johnny Come Lately,” “Rain-check,
and “Clementine.” The pieces most frequently played
are Ellington’s theme song, “Take the A Train”
and Ellington's signatory, “Lotus Blossom”. Some of
the suites on which he collaborated with. Ellington are: “Deep
South Suite,” 1947; the “Shakespearean Suite”
or “Such Sweet Thunder,” 1957; an arrangement of the
“Nutcracker Suite,” 1960; and the “Peer Gynt Suite,”
1962. He and Ellington composed the “Queen's Suite”
and gave the only pressing to Queen Elizabeth of England. Two of
their suites, “Jump for Joy,” 1950 and “My People,”
1963 had as their themes the struggles and triumphs of blacks in
the United States. Both included a narrative and choreography. The
latter Strayhorn conducted at the Negro Exposition in Chicago in
1963. Another suite similar to these two was “A Drum Is a
Woman.” The “Far East Suite” was written after
the band’s tour of the East which was sponsored by the State
In 1946, Strayhorn received the Esquire Silver Award for outstanding
arranger. In 1965, the Duke Ellington Jazz Society asked him to
present a concert at New York’s New School of Social Research.
It consisted entirely of his own work performed by him and his quintet.
Two years later Billy Strayhorn died of cancer. Duke Ellington’s
response to his death was to record what the critics cite as one
of his greatest works, a collection titled “And His Mother
Called Him Bill,” consisting entirely of Billy’s compositions.
Later, a scholarship fund was established for him by Ellington and
the Julliard School of Music.